Chemistry Journal of Moldova

Accepted papers

Anna Ivanchenko, Dmytro Yelatontsev, Anatoliy Savenkov, Olena Nazarenko, Viktoria Kundirenko

Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
6
hosphogypsum, ammonium nitrate, complex mineral fertilizer, wet conversion.
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Graphical Abstract: An environmentally friendly method for phosphogypsum processing into N,Ca,S,P-fertilizers is proposed. Thus, was obtained a complex liquid N,Ca,S,P-fertilizer with the content of nutrients (% wt.) N:Ca:S:P = 56:26:12:6 in the dry product, and 16.8:3.6:7.8:1.8 in the liquid phase. The obtained fertilizer increased the yield of radish by 7.16% compared to the control. The advantage of the proposed method is reducing the cost of the fertilizer, increasing its nutritional value, and obtaining useful products from the waste.


 

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Alma Ryskaliyeva, Murat Baltabayev, Yerassyl Mukhamediyar, Rabiga Iskendirova

Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
6
mineral, dissolution, kinetics, thermodynamics, reactivity.
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Graphical Abstract: On the basis of a new model of chemical dissolution, an analysis of the kinetic parameters obtained using the modified V.V. Dolivo-Dobrovolsky equation was carried out. It shows that the change in parameters during the transition from one mineral to another is subject to a compensation effect. Additionally, calculations based on the new dissolution model made it possible to distinguish between the systemic and individual properties of minerals of the same nature in the process of dissolution. These minerals differ from each other by the concentration of ac tive surface complexes, and are combined into a system by a single transmission coefficient and the same value of the lifetime of the active complex.


 


Downloads: 17

Mikhail Gorbachev, Natalia Gorinchoy, Iolanta Balan

Field: Physical chemistry and chemical physics
Type: Research paper
7
antioxidant activity, radical cation ABTS•+, food acid, charge transfer complex, DFT calculation.
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Graphical Abstract: The detailed mechanism of the interaction of the radical cation ABTS•+ with a number of food acids (gallic, ferulic, caffeic, vanillic, cinnamic, syringic, p-coumaric) is revealed by means of the DFT calculations. It is shown that the interaction between the neutral molecules of the studied food acids and ABTS•+ does not lead to any charge transfer from these molecules onto ABTS•+. The almost complete conversion of the ABTS radical cation into its diamagnetic derivative occurs due to the interaction of one of the sulphonic groups of ABTS•+ with the acid anions through the formation of the corresponding intermolecular hydrogen bond.



Downloads: 31

Grigore Timco, Robin Pritchard, George Whitehead, Richard Winpenny

Field: Inorganic and coordination chemistry
Type: Invited paper
9
chromium, carboxylate, polymetallic ring, crystallography.
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Graphical Abstract: Four new {Cr8} rings have been synthesized and characterized; they are all based on the classic [CrF(O2CtBu)2]8 ring 1. Three routes have been studied. The first is direct synthesis, by reacting hydrated chromium(III) fluorides with the acid; this has been used to produce 
[CrF(O2CEt)2]8 3. The second route uses 3 as a precursor and substitute with an incoming carboxylate. This has been used to make [CrF(O2CCCl3)2]8 4 and [CrF(O2CC6F5)2]8 5. The third route uses 
N-ethyl-D-glucamine (H5Etglu) as a template and produces chiral rings [Cr8F4(Etglu)(O2CtBu)15] 6. The single crystal X-ray structures of these new compounds are reported.


 

Downloads: 22

Aparna Das, Ram Naresh Yadav, Bimal Krishna Banik

Field: Organic chemistry
Type: Short communication
5
β-lactam, loss tangent, microwave, stereospecific, optically active.
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Graphical Abstract: In this work, the stereospecific synthesis of optically active cis β-lactams under diverse microwave-induced conditions using diverse solvents was reported. The effects of low tanδ values of the solvents are found to be more crucial than solvents with high dipole moments and dielectric constants. The results indicated that for the synthesis of β-lactams solvents with low tanδ and high dipole moment and high dielectric constant are necessary. Best of the knowledge this is the first report that examined the importance of tanδ values of the solvents in β-lactams synthesis.



Downloads: 20